Can I Purify Hydrogen from my HHO with a Metal Hydride?

We occasionally get questions from people wanting to know if they can use a Metal Hydride (MH) to purify the Hydrogen from an HHO generator, so I thought I would post our response here:No Why? Putting HHO into a metal hydride container should not be done.  Aside from the fact that it would be extremely unsafe to put HHO gas in a chamber with a cataylst (e.g. MH) since it will cause it to burn/explode, both Oxygen and … [Read more...]

Does FuelCellsEtc Provide Hydrogen Generators (or HHO) for Cars?

The short answer is no, we do not.  At this time we do not have any kits or systems designed to generate Hydrogen on-board for vehicles.  However, a quick Google search for HHOs brings up numerous kits and system suppliers. However if you are looking in to building an HHO generator yourself, we do recommend taking a look at our Electrolyzer Membrane Electrode Assemblies (EZ MEAs). Our EZ MEAs are very efficient (far more efficient than a standard SS metal electrode) but certainly … [Read more...]

What Else do I Need for my Fuel Cell?

So, you have bought a Fuel Cell and are ready to start using it.Or are you?Did you plan on any of the ancillary components you might need?  Depending on who you buy the fuel cell from and what model it is will determine what components come with the fuel cell and what you will need to buy.  In general, a fuel cell system needs several things in order for it to work in any system:Hydrogen storage (which may also include Hydrogen production) Fuel Cell system Power … [Read more...]

What Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) do I use for a Hydrogen Generator (Electrolyzer)?

We've spoken already about Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) selection for a Fuel Cell; today we will cover some GDL considerations for Electrolyzers.The Hydrogen side (Cathode) of an Electrolyzer (EZ) can be almost any gas diffusion layer GDL (or even no GDL) that you would like and that fits your own mechanical design.  This can be common GDL materials like Toray Paper, Sigracet, Freudenberg, AvCarb, etc.  The Catalyst layer can either be applied to the membrane (as in a 3-layer or Catalyst Coated … [Read more...]

What Nafion Membrane Thickness is Right for an Electrolyzer / Hydrogen Generation?

Nafion membranes come in many different thickness and types.  How do you know which to choose when designing an electrolyzer (hydrogen generator)?Choosing the proper thickness depends primarily on the differential pressure you expect across the membrane (i.e. what pressure you will be generating the hydrogen at vs. the oxygen), the type of support the membrane will have, and the operating lifetime (both hours and on/off cycles). Our Standard … [Read more...]

Why is Humidity / Moisture Control Important in a Fuel Cell?

The root of all of this is that Nafion membranes must stay hydrated to function properly. If they are not fully humidified the conductivity decreases and therefore more of the electricity is converted directly to heat before it leaves the membrane (I2R heating). If it gets too dry it basically stops functioning as a proton transporter.  All this sounds great since a Hydrogen Fuel Cell consumes Hydrogen and Oxygen to generate electricity and water, so you would think there should be plenty … [Read more...]

How Much Hydrogen (or Oxygen) Will my Electrolyzer Make?

There are a lot of design considerations that go into an electrolyzer that will dictate what pressure they can operate at, their efficiency, safety, etc.  Today I will let you worry about all the mechanical design and talk a bit about the principles behind the electrolyzer and what this means to you (the designer).  Everything below applies primarily to PEM water electrolysis, but much of it may apply to other electrolyzer types as well.  If you want to skip the explanation, you … [Read more...]